Learn English with English, baby!

Join for FREE!

Social_nav_masthead_logged_in

Gerund and Infinitives Part1

Date: Oct 18 2007

主題: 文法

作者: fairy77

課程

Gerunds and Infinitives Part 1

1. A gerund is a noun made from a verb by adding "-ing." The gerund form of the verb "read" is "reading." You can use a gerund as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence.

Examples:

·       Reading helps you learn English. subject of sentence

·       Her favorite hobby is reading. complement of sentence

·       I enjoy reading. object of sentence

Gerunds can be made negative by adding "not."

Examples:

·       He enjoys not working.

·       The best thing for your health is not smoking.

2. Infinitives are the "to" form of the verb. The infinitive form of "learn" is "to learn." You can also use an infinitive as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence.

Examples:

·       To learn is important. subject of sentence

·       The most important thing is to learn. complement of sentence ·       He wants to learn. object of sentence

 Infinitives can be made negative by adding "not."

Examples:

·       I decided not to go.

·       The most important thing is not to give up.

3. Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject or the complement of a sentence. However, as subjects or complements, gerunds usually sound more like normal, spoken English, whereas infinitives sound more abstract. In the following sentences, gerunds sound more natural and would be more common in everyday English. Infinitives emphasize the possibility or potential for something and sound more philosophical. If this sounds confusing, just remember that 90% of the time, you will use a gerund as the subject or complement of a sentence.

Examples:

·       Learning is important. normal subject

·       To learn is important. abstract subject - less common

 ·       The most important thing is learning. normal complement

·       The most important thing is to learn. abstract complement - less common

4. As the object of a sentence, it is more difficult to choose between a gerund or an infinitive. In such situations, gerunds and infinitives are not normally interchangeable. Usually, the main verb in the sentence determines whether you use a gerund or an infinitive.

Examples:

·       He enjoys swimming. "Enjoy" requires a gerund.

·       He wants to swim. "Want" requires an infinitive.

5. Some verbs are followed by gerunds as objects.

Examples:

·       She suggested going to a movie.

·       Mary keeps talking about her problems.

6. Some verbs are followed by infinitives.

Examples:

·       She wants to go to a movie.

·       Mary needs to talk about her problems.  

 

 

意見

Log in to Comment

rosewurster

United States

If you’d like to revise your English, it is necessary to follow http://getessayeditor.com/blog/way-to-use-gerund-in-english which is a great opportunity to reveal all unrevealed before rules:) 

09:53 AM Feb 17 2017 |

salimelarabi

Tunisia

Useful, thanks for your efforts.

12:23 AM Jan 19 2008 |

imranzaidi

imranzaidi

Pakistan

Great Lesson through a simple way .. Really its able to be praised … now i can more clearly distinguish between gerund and infinitive .. before reading this lesson this concept was confusing for me …. i have really enjoyed this lesson .. thanks a lot .. Englishbaby.com .

02:33 AM Jan 01 2008 |

Anjella.Uz

Uzbekistan

it was useful for me:)

11:16 AM Dec 07 2007 |

memory27

memory27

Myanmar

very usefull for all…..

08:55 AM Dec 07 2007 |

Bruce Cheng

Benin

 The creator of the CRAZY ENGLISH Liyang says:DON`T SHY ,JUST TRY!  We should love losing face. 

03:00 AM Dec 07 2007 |

kyawsoe

kyawsoe

Myanmar

It is very useful and I like this lesson.

02:25 AM Dec 07 2007 |

m4bhu

m4bhu

India

its a meaningful lession especially 4 me thanks a lot

03:49 PM Dec 06 2007 |

yuki gao

China

if there is some exercise, it would be perfect. i understand after i read ,but it is difficult when you do i t  or speak it

03:34 PM Dec 06 2007 |

fred_edik

Azerbaijan

Hi.It is first time I'm here.I is more useful.Thanks

 

 

 

03:24 PM Dec 06 2007 |

rosabella

rosabella

Egypt

Thanks for this useful lesson

11:39 AM Dec 06 2007 |

enyioma

Nigeria

love it

11:22 AM Dec 06 2007 |

kogyi

Norway

very very useful and important for everyone who interesting to study English.

10:53 AM Dec 06 2007 |

flashrak

flashrak

Pakistan

Hmmm!sounds realy great to me more now because my teacher taught me and now i have more sufficient knowledge about GERUND by means of this defination.

 so keep doing may GOD save you!Cool

10:05 AM Dec 06 2007 |

moibilis

Algeria

i forgot the gerund since my studies in the school

09:37 AM Dec 06 2007 |

ting2150

China

From this lesson I learned how to explain Gerund and Infinitives  in English.

 

08:47 AM Dec 06 2007 |

khadi2010

khadi2010

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

Wonderful one!

07:24 AM Dec 06 2007 |

khadi2010

khadi2010

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

Wow, they were really fantastic ones!

07:22 AM Dec 06 2007 |

caballero_chona

Philippines

thank u.

 

07:21 AM Dec 06 2007 |

thanhquyen

thanhquyen

Viet Nam

hi

 

04:15 AM Dec 06 2007 |

Likes (129):

See all >

Share this lesson:

  • Share on Facebook
  • Share on Bebo
  • Share on Myspace
  • Share on Twitter
  • Email this to a friend
  • Share on Sina

Post Ebaby! lessons on your blog:

Ebaby! Cast